West Kelowana Dentists

What is Gum Disease?


Posted Jun 30th, 2015

Gum diseases are infections caused by bacteria, along with mucus and other particles that form a sticky plaque on your teeth.


What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It causes red, swollen gums and can also make the gums bleed very easily. Gingivitis can be caused by plaque buildup and the longer plaque and tartar stay on teeth, the more harm they do. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. If it is diagnosed early, it can be treated and reversed. Some of the common signs and symptoms are:

1. Red Gums
2. Swollen and puffy gums
3. Gums that tend to bleed easily

If treatment is not received, gingivitis could progress into periodontitis. Periodontitis is an advanced and much more serious stage of gum disease. This stage is characterized by bone loss and is not reversible.

How does gum disease affect my overall health?

Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults and has also been linked to heart attacks and strokes. The best way to prevent gingivitis is to take good care of your teeth and visit the dentist regularly.

Most gingivitis can be treated with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleanings at the dentist’s office. This form of gum disease does not lead to loss of bone or tissue around the teeth. However, if it is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis. Then the gums pull away from the teeth and form infected “pockets.” You may also lose supporting bone. If you have periodontitis, see your dentist for treatment. Otherwise your teeth may loosen over time and need to be removed.


Do you think you might have gum disease? 

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